## Friday, June 14, 2013

### Teaching of Elementary Mathematics Part 1

Effective learning of mathematical concepts and skills is facilitated by providing meaningful hands-on experiences through the use of appropriate manipulative materials. Research has indicated that long term use of concrete instructional materials (e.g. pattern blocks, counters, base ten materials, calculators, measuring devices, etc.) in lessons is positively related to increases in mathematics achievement and improved attitudes toward mathematics. (Sowell 1989; Suydam and Higgins 1977)

Discuss the role and impact of using manipulatives in the teaching and learning of any two topics (e.g. Numbers, Operations, Measures, Shapes) from Level One (Year 1 to Year 3) Primary Mathematics Curriculum for Malaysian schools. Compile a report on the range of manipulatives, activities that can be used, ways to help children construct meanings and make connections between mathematical concepts as well as the role and impact of using various kinds of manipulatives in mathematics lessons.

Select two topics and focus on the mathematical concepts or skills to be discussed. Search for relevant supporting literature from various sources regarding the range of manipulatives available, activities that can be organised, role and impact of using manipulatives in lessons, etc. for the topics chosen.

Identify and describe in detail, two examples of manipulatives that have impacted positively the teaching and learning of each topic in relation to the mathematical concepts or skills selected;

Elaborate on suitable activities (one example for each manipulative chosen) and the impact of using the respective manipulatives pertaining to the concepts to be acquired;

Suggest ways to promote successful learning when planning mathematics lessons that include the use of concrete manipulatives;

Summarise your points in the form of a written report using a suitable format. Submit relevant supporting documents, References in APA Format, graphic organisers, drawings, photographs, etc. as Appendices in your report.

Tugasan ini sebenarnya kami pernah buat sebelum ini cuma mungkin soalannya diubah-ubah setiap semester. Namun kehendak soalan sebenarnya adalah hampir sama setiap semester.

Sekiranya anda semua berasa pening sebab dah takdea idea, sibuk menguruskan kerja sehingga tidak ada masa untuk membuat tugasan. Anda boleh terus ke SINI untuk mendapatkan tips membuat tugasan atau ke SINI untuk mendapatkan contoh tugasan terdahulu sebagai rujukan.